May 11, 2015—(BRONX, NY)—A survey of more than 1,000 U.S. adults has found that misperceptions about miscarriage and its causes are widespread. Results of the survey, conducted by researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University and Montefiore Health System, show that feelings of guilt and shame are ...read more
Manipulating Mycobacteria—Bacteria can exchange genetic information amongst each other by transferring plasmids—small, circular DNA that are different from chromosomal DNA. Scientists capitalize on this natural process by constructing artificial plasmids to experimentally manipulate bacteria, helping them to understand the genetic basis of important traits. Since the bacterium that causes TB—Mycobacterium tuberculosis—can be lethal, labs often use the closely related M. smegmatis... read more
Diabetes and Obesity — Obese people are at increased risk for developing insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Chronic inflammation in abdominal fat (known as adipose tissue) can lead to insulin resistance. A study by Dr. Jeffrey Pessin in the November 2014 issue of Cell Reports offers insight into how inflammation caused by a high-fat diet is regulated within adipose... read more
Breast Cancer Risk — Obesity is a well-established risk factor for breast cancer in postmenopausal women. Prior studies by Drs. Howard Strickler and Marc Gunter and colleagues, suggested that insulin might help explain this breast cancer – obesity relationship. But whether obese women with normal insulin levels (so called “healthy-obese”) also had high breast cancer risk was unknown. In a... read more
Every day, Dr. Jill Crandall confronts diabetes and its harmful complications, which include heart, kidney, eye and foot damage. Her goal: to prevent the disease and its serious, life-changing effects.
An expert in diabetes prevention, Dr. Crandall is a principal investigator in the NIH-funded Diabetes Prevention Program Outcomes Study, which ...read more