Registrar Office

Department of Pathology

M400 Introduction to Anatomic Pathology and Laboratory Medicine (Montefiore Medical Center) 
**Einstein students must contact the course directors for approval prior to registration.  Once approval has been granted, Einstein students should contact the Registrar's Office regarding registration dates**   
**Visiting Students should submit the visiting student application on VSAS and if accepted into the rotation should email the Office of the Registrar ( regarding exact registration dates** 

This two week elective introduces medical students to the multiple laboratories that make up the Department of Pathology at the Montefiore Medical Center. This elective is beneficial to all medical students as it allows the students to experience the various areas of Pathology, examine the role of Pathologists in a hospital/clinical setting and observe their interactions with clinicians from multiple hospital departments.

Dr. Moshe Sadofsky
Modules: All except modules 1B and 2A (can schedule to accommodate various dates)
Maximum: 5

M401 Introduction to Molecular Pathology and Genomic Testing (Montefiore Medical Center)
**Einstein students must contact Dr. Naeem for approval prior to registration**  
Molecular Pathology is designed to be hands-on-rotation. Strategies for diagnosis of genetic, infectious and neoplastic diseases using molecular testing are covered. We encourage students/residents and fellows to participate in laboratory bench work-up of cases in order to understand the principals involved in measuring DNA, polymerase chain reaction, DNA sequencing, and array CGH and, where applicable, correlation with clinical and other laboratory data is discussed. Opportunities to participate in test development and small research projects are available for enthusiastic residents willing to go the extra mile.  

Resources or Recommended Textbook:
Schrijver I: Diagnostic Molecular Pathology in Practice: A Case-Based Approach
Cheng L, Zheng DY, Eble JN: Molecular Genetic Pathology, 2e, Springer
Leonard, Debra GB,. Molecular pathology in clinical practice Springer 2016.

Dr. Rizwan Naeem
Modules All except modules 1B and 2A
Max 1 Student


M405 Surgical Pathology (Montefiore Medical Center/Weiler Hospital)
**Einstein students must contact the course directors for approval prior to registration**  
Diagnostic surgical pathology is an integral part of patient care. During the student’s rotation in surgical pathology they become part of the pathology team and will learn and be involved in the workflow of the pathology lab. More specifically, the students will observe and gross specimens (under guidance), perform microscopic examinations, and develop diagnoses based on the pathologic material and clinical input from various clinical services. Students will be expected to work-up and present an interesting case at the end of the rotation. Additional elective time in surgical pathology is available for interested students.

Dr. Jim Pullman,, 718-920-4970 (Montefiore)
Dr. Kathleen Whitney,, 718-904-2947 (Weiler)
Modules: All except modules 1B and 2A
Maximum 2
Call before beginning of elective to set up schedule

M408 Neuropathology-Clinical and Experimental (Montefiore Medical Center)
**Einstein Students must contact Dr. Weidenheim for approval prior to registration** 
Students will observe and participate in the gross and microscopic study of neuropathology cases, attending conferences which include those concerning clinical, gross, microscopic and research material. Both surgical neuropathology, i.e. brain tumor diagnosis, and medical neuropathology i.e. the pathology of neurological diseases will be covered.

Learning objectives: 1. To understand how laboratory resources can be used to improve patient care. 2. To understand how Neuropathology provides guidance to the Neurologists, Neurosurgeons and their clinical teams to make treatment decisions for individual patients. 3. To understand the importance of team work in modern medical care. 4. To appreciate the importance of effective information exchange between team members during clinical care of patients. 5. To appreciate the importance of professional behavior between team members and between health professionals and patients and their families, during the health care process.

Schedule:  8am-4pm, Monday-Friday

Method of student feedback and evaluation:  Students will be evaluating using the Einstein Medical Student Evaluation form(s) or the appropriate evaluation forms from their own institution.

Textbook information:  None; texts and computers with websites available in Neuropathology

Dr. Karen Weidenheim  
718 920-4446
Modules: 3B-4A and 4B-6B
Maximum 1 
First day of elective meet at Hofheimer 504 (Neuropathology Office), M.C. - 9:00 a.m. or by arrangement.  

M410 Hematopathology (Montefiore Medical Center)
**Einstein students must contact the course directors for approval prior to registration** 
Hematopathology is offered as a concentrated elective in the Anatomic and Clinical Pathology training program. It includes exposure to the major morphologic classification schemes of lymph node based diseases such as non-Hodgkin malignant lymphomas and Hodgkin lymphoma. When evaluating leukemia’s, as well as myelodysplastic and myeloproliferative disorders, bone marrow biopsies are correlated with bone marrow aspirate and peripheral blood smears in the majority of cases. Because of the nature of the diagnostic work-up for these diseases, there is additional emphasis placed on immunologic features using flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry and also on T or B cell gene rearrangement abnormalities using the polymerase chain reaction, as well as cytogenetic/FISH and molecular study by NGS. Teaching sets are available for study. 

Textbook Information: (Suggested)   
Ioachim's Lymph Node Pathology, 4th edition 
Chapter 1 (The normal lymph node) 
Author: Harry L. Ioachim(Editor), L. Jeffrey Medeiros MD (Editor) 
ISBN-13: 978-0781775960 
ISBN-10: 0781775965 

Yanhua Wang, MD 
Yanan Fang, MD, PhD 
Administrative Support: Ms. Debrah Negron,, 718-920-6459 
Modules: All except modules 1B and 2A  
Maximum 1 
On the first day students report to: Ms. Negron at Moses campus, silver zone 4th floor, surgical pathology 8:30am  

M412 Cytogenetics (Montefiore Medical Center - MMP)  
**Einstein students must contact Dr. Ramesh for approval prior to registration** 
Cytogenetic training for students consists of a rotation of one month or more if interested or required. Routine pre, post-natal; cancer/molecular cytogenetic procedures; includes state of the art molecular cytogenetic diagnosis of constitutional and hematopoietic/solid tumor patient samples. Students are instructed in all aspects of cytogenetic analysis including indications for different procedures, sample accessioning, cell culture, harvesting chromosomes for cytogenetic/FISH/Microarray studies. This includes chromosome banding, computerized image analysis of karyotypes and FISH preparations and including Microarray Testing. Cytogenetic, FISH and Microarray nomenclature, analysis and interpretation of chromosome/FISH/Microarray test results are also covered.  The cytogenetics rotation provides excellent exposure and background for students/residents/fellows to acquire competence to advise other physicians about indications for cytogenetic/FISH and Microarray testing, appropriate test procedures and interpretation of test results. Additional elective time in cytogenetics is available for interested students to complete a small project if they wish to pursue. 

General description and goals of elective: Introduce students to basic cytogenetic and molecular (FISH and Microarray Methodology) cytogenetic testing for genetic and malignant disorders. 

Measurable learning objectives of elective: Cytogenetics; cancer genomics; molecular cytogentic testing.  

Method of student feedback and evaluation: Student case reports; cytogenetic/molecular cytogenetic questionnaire.  Feedback can be done online – New Innovation.  

Textbook Information: (Suggested)
Medical Genetics by Thompson and Thompson 
Principles of Medical Genetics by Steve Gershen 
Genetic Counseling by Sutherland 
Cytogenetics of Leukemias and Solid Tumors by Felix Mittleman
ISCN: An International System for Human Cytogenomic Nomenclature (2016), Eds. McGowan-Jordan, Simons, A, Schmid M, Karger Publications.

M412 Cytogenetics Curriculum   

Dr. K. H. Ramesh
Administrative support: Christine Morena,, 718-904-2947
Secretarial Support: Susan Arthur,, 718-405-8105
Modules: All except modules 1B and 2A
Maximum: 1
On the first day students must report to Mahnaz Zohouri at 1635 Poplar St. Bronx, NY, 2nd Floor, 9:00AM. 


M414 Cytopatology (Montefiore Medical Center)   
**Einstein students must contact Dr. Khader for approval prior to registration** 
The elective is intended to give medical students an introduction to the field of Cytopathology, which also would serve as preliminary exposure to Anatomic Pathology and the lab in general (especially for students with no previous electives in Pathology). The student will observe the practice of fine needle aspiration biopsy performed by Cytopathologists/ Cytopathology fellows and adequacy assessment for deep fine needle aspiration biopsies. The student will get exposure to a variety of exfoliative and aspiration Cytology cases.  Also we offer participation in a variety of projects that utilize cytology specimens. Some projects consist mainly of retrospective studies of a certain type of neoplasm or organ involvement and are primarily of clinical nature.  The student may participate at a variety of levels (search data base for cases, retrieve archival material,  case review, etc.) 

Measurable learning objectives of elective: Since this is mainly an observation kind of elective, active participation in the daily activities and projects is sufficient in achieving the objective of the elective.

Learning experience: Monday to Fri  8 am-5 pm. The student is expected to participate in the daily case review and sign out with the Cytopathology fellows/ Cytopathologists, attend the weekly conferences, and observe performance of fine needle aspiration biopsies.

Method of student feedback and evaluation: Direct and immediate feedback, in addition to written evaluation.

Samer N. Khader, MD
Administrative Support: Frances Mendez,, 718-920-2761
Maximum: 1
Modules: All except 1B, 2A, 2B
On the first day students report to Dr. Samer Khader at Moses, Hofheimer, Rm. 409 at 9:00 am  

M415 Experimental Pathology and Medicine (Montefiore Medical Center)
**Einstein students must contact the course directors for approval prior to registration**  
The Department of Pathology has a number of active research projects in various areas including environmental and occupational medicine, hematopathology, surgical pathology transfusion medicine and others. Medical students are encouraged to investigate the potential for becoming involved in Pathology based research project. 

Dr. Moshe Sadofsky,, 718-430-2222
Dr. Kathleen Whitney,, 718-904-2947 
Modules:  All except modules 1B and 2A
Call before beginning of elective to set up schedule. 
Maximum: 2 

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