The Saul R. Korey Department of Neurology

EMG Fellowship

The Clinical Neurophysiology - EMG/Neuromuscular fellowship at Montefiore Medical Center and the Albert Einstein College of Medicine (AECOM) has been in continuous existence since 1986. It has always been a popular fellowship position and remains competitive on a national level. The fellowship emphasizes excellence in the performance and interpretation of EMG and nerve conduction studies, and in the diagnosis and management of neuromuscular disorders. The Neuromuscular faculty have a broad range of interests in clinical and basic research. The program is accredited by ABPN-AQCN, and fellows can sit for the ABEM and ABPN-AQCN board exams. Trained fellows are prepared for taking on either academic or private practice opportunities.

The fellowship position is a 1-year program focusing on inpatient and outpatient electrodiagnostic testing and clinical neuromuscular evaluation, with additional exposure to the other disciplines encompassing clinical neurophysiology, including EEG, evoked potentials, intraoperative monitoring, and sleep medicine. Most of the neuromuscular disorders seen in the Department are referred to the EMG lab. Fellows evaluate patients and are trained to perform EMG/NCS under direct supervision of the attending staff. Their work is monitored and guided from the initial patient evaluation to the final interpretations and clinical recommendations, with increasing independence as the year progresses.  Fellows spend one afternoon weekly at the Muscular Dystrophy Association clinic, where a large range of adult and pediatric neuromuscular diseases, in particular muscle disorders, present for diagnosis and ongoing management. In addition, we have a weekly Myasthenia Gravis Clinic. Fellows prepare cases for presentation at our weekly Neuromuscular Rounds clinical conference. At weekly EMG conferences we present didactic material and review recent publications of interest. There are ample opportunities for participation in clinical research.

Dr. Steven Herskovitz is Director of the EMG Laboratory and head of the EMG/Neuromuscular disease fellowship training program. Faculty for the training program include four full-time adult neuromuscular disease specialists, two pediatric neurologists specializing in neuromuscular disease, and four neurology attendings with subspecialty training in EMG with additional training or interest in myasthenia gravis, aging disorders, movement disorders and general neurology. Additional faculty involved with the EMG fellows include specialties in neurotoxicology, neuropathology, and neurosurgery. In addition, the fellows have access to over 60 full-time neurology faculty, a large neurosurgery department, an active neuroscience faculty, a large neuroradiology department, and the broader resources of a major medical school and several academic medical centers.

The prerequisites for fellowship training include successful completion of an accredited residency training program in Neurology and board eligibility.

Primary Faculty

Neurology

Steven Herskovitz, M.D. (EMG/Neuromuscular)
Professor of Clinical Neurology
Director, EMG Laboratory
Montefiore Medical Center
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Alfred J. Spiro, M.D. (Pediatric Neurology/Neuromuscular)
Professor of Neurology (Pediatric)
Director, MDA Clinic
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Herbert H. Schaumburg, M.D. (Neurotoxicology/Neuromuscular)
Professor of Neurology and Neuropathology
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Michael L. Swerdlow M.D. (Myasthenia Gravis/General Neurology)
Professor of Neurology
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Joe Verghese M.D. (Aging/Dementia, aging and PNS)
Professor of Neurology
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Phyllis L. Bieri, M.D. (EMG/Neuromuscular)
Assistant Professor of Neurology
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Ann E. Hanley, M.D. (EMG/Neuromuscular)
Assistant Professor of Neurology
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Howard Geyer, M.D., Ph.D. (Movement Disorders/EMG)
Assistant Professor of Neurology
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Mark J. Milstein, M.D. (General Neurology/EMG)
Assistant Professor of Neurology
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Emma Laureta, M.D. (Pediatric Neurology/MDA Clinic)
Assistant Professor of Neurology (Pediatric)
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Beth Stein M.D. (EMG/Neuromuscular/MDA Clinic)
Assistant Professor of Neurology
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Eric Mariuma M.D. (Intraoperative Monitoring/EMG)
Assistant Professor of Neurology
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Caroline Badeer M.D. (General Neurology/EMG)
Assistant Professor of Neurology
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Constantine Farmakidis M.D. (Neurohospitalist/EMG)
Assistant Professor of Neurology
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

 

Other Disciplines

Karen M. Weidenheim, M.D. (Neuropathology)
Professor of Pathology, Clinical Neurology and Clinical Neurosurgery

John K. Houten, M.D. (Neurosurgery - spine)
Assistant Professor of Neurological Surgery
Director, Neurosurgery Spine Service

Patrick Lasala, M.D. (Neurosurgery – nerve and muscle biopsy)
Associate Professor of Clinical Neurological Surgery

   

Curriculum  

   

Adult and Pediatric Inpatient and Outpatient EMG/NCS  

Adult and pediatric EMG/NCS are provided at the Montefiore EMG Laboratory. Fellows see a large and diverse population of inpatients and outpatients, with a broad spectrum of neurologic disease. These patients are referred from other adult or pediatric neurologists, internists, rheumatologists, orthopedists, plastic surgeons, neurosurgeons, ENT or primary care practitioners. Approximately 2000 patients are seen annually in the lab.

In addition to standard electromyography and nerve conduction studies, fellows have exposure to laryngeal EMG, tremor studies, EMG-guided chemodenervation (Botox), pudendal studies, single fiber EMG, phrenic nerve studies, blink reflex studies, nerve root stimulation, quantitative sensory testing, sympathetic skin response and R-R interval variation testing, skin biopsy for small fiber neuropathy, and neuromuscular ultrasound.

 

Muscular Dystrophy Association Clinic  

Fellows see patients in the MDA clinic once a week under the supervision of Drs. Spiro, Stein and Laureta. The MDA clinic provides a large population of adult and pediatric patients with diagnostically or therapeutically challenging neuromuscular diseases, in whose care the fellows can participate in a longitudinal fashion. Fellows frequently see patients in the MDA clinic, perform EMG/NCS testing on the same patients in the EMG laboratory if clinically indicated, and complete the diagnostic evaluation with genetic testing or neuropathologic examination.

   

Myasthenia Gravis Clinic

Fellows see patients in the Myasthenia Gravis Clinic once a week under the supervision of Drs. Swerdlow, Milstein, Stein or Farmakidis. The clinic provides an opportunity to learn the evaluation and management of patients with disorders of the neuromuscular junction.

Neuropathology  

Monthly muscle pathology conferences are held in which the fellows work closely with Drs. Spiro and Weidenheim on the evaluation and interpretation of muscle biopsy specimens. Fellows present several clinical cases for clinical-pathologic correlation, and learn to independently evaluate muscle biopsies. Nerve biopsy evaluation is incorporated into Neuromuscular case conferences.

   

Conferences  

  • Weekly Neuromuscular Rounds. Fellows present interesting or diagnostically challenging cases involving neuromuscular disease to neurology attendings, residents, other fellows, and medical students. These presentations are detailed and involve review of the current literature.
     
  • Weekly EMG fellow conference. This conference begins with essential principles of EMG and nerve conduction studies and continues with topics covered in the AANEM mini-monographs. Waveform recognition, technical issues and uncommon techniques continue throughout the year. Fellows present interesting recent papers in a journal club format. Other times unusual diagnostic cases are presented to the fellows for discussion of differential diagnosis and management.
     
  • Weekly Neurology Department case conference. Fellows take part in the weekly Neurology Department case conference and often discuss diagnosis or management of these cases.
     
  • Weekly Neurology Department Grand Rounds. Fellows attend this conference series that occurs at the MMC site.
     
  • Sleep medicine conference, weekly. EEG and EMG fellows attend this conference discussing issues surrounding sleep medicine.
     
  • EEG and epilepsy conference, weekly. EEG and EMG fellows attend this conference discussing foundational principles of EEG, followed by inpatient CCTV monitoring.
     
  • Evoked potentials conference, weekly. EEG and EMG fellows attend this conference discussing principles of evoked potentials, including intraoperative monitoring.

Research Interests in EMG/Neuromuscular Diseases

The faculty have a broad range of research interests providing many opportunities for involvement.

The peripheral neuropathies

  • Diagnosis and treatment
  • Electrophysiologic identification
  • Aging and neuropathy
  • Animal models of diabetic autonomic neuropathy, small fiber neuropathy

The entrapment neuropathies

  • CTS – electrophysiologic identification 
  • CTS and aging 
  • CTS – conservative treatment 
  • CTS – autonomic dysfunction 

Peripheral neurotoxicology

  • Pharmaceutical toxins
  • Environmental/occupational toxins
  • Clinical descriptions
  • Animal models of toxic distal axonopathy
  • Pseudoneurotoxicity

Miscellaneous

  • Neuromuscular Ultrasound
  • Disorders of peripheral nerve hyperexcitability
  • Radiculopathies – electrophysiologic studies
  • Congenital myopathies
  • Muscular dystrophies/myotonic dystrophies

   

Institutional Environment  

   

Department of Neurology  

The Department of Neurology at AECOM has 60 full-time faculty with diverse clinical and research interests. The adult neurology program includes 27 adult neurology residents, 6 pediatric fellows and 15 clinical and research fellows. The Department is committed to training clinicians skilled in the diagnosis and treatment of neurologic disorders who are able to conduct or interpret clinical and basic research. In addition to EMG/neuromuscular disease, the Department has strong subspecialty clinical and research postgraduate fellowships in the following areas: epilepsy and EEG, sleep medicine, headache, stroke, movement disorders, neuropsychiatry and neuroscience.

   

The Albert Einstein College of Medicine  

The Albert Einstein College of Medicine (AECOM) and its affiliated hospitals are the major health resource in the Bronx. We serve more than one million residents of the borough and provide tertiary care in EMG/neuromuscular disease for the tri-state region comprising the greater New York metropolitan area and beyond. AECOM has strong departments in all disciplines.

The Einstein/Montefiore complex is geographically divided into two major sites - the East campus and the West campus. These sites, in the Northeast Bronx, are fifteen minutes apart and linked by a shuttle bus that runs frequently throughout the day.

The West campus includes the Moses Division of Montefiore Medical Center (MMC), a major voluntary teaching site. The Moses Division of MMC has 726 beds with a 32-bed neurology floor, including an epilepsy monitoring unit. In addition, a multidisciplinary 4-bed neurology stroke evaluation and intervention unit that focuses on patient centered care is located on this floor. The neurology floor houses a neurorehabilitation facility where patients receive intensive rehabilitation. The EMG Laboratory is located in the Moses Division of MMC, very near the neurology inpatient floor and the neurology conference room where weekly neuromuscular rounds are held.

The East campus includes the College of Medicine, Einstein Hospital, and the Jacobi Medical Center. AECOM has a long tradition of excellence in the neurosciences. The Neurology Department’s college-based faculty maintains outstanding research laboratories in molecular biology, stem cell research, muscle disorders, biochemistry of CNS lipids, multiple sclerosis, evoked potentials, neurogeriatrics, neurotransmitters, neurotoxicology, neural development, neurochemistry and neuroimaging.

Many of the Department’s faculty members have secondary appointments in the Neuroscience Department, providing additional educational opportunities for residents and fellows. In addition, the Department has a major clinical research program concerned with aging and dementia with a focus on headache and pain disorders in the elderly.

The Jack D. Weiler Hospital, a Division of Montefiore Medical Center, has 396 beds. The Department includes a 14-bed inpatient unit and stroke program, and provides adult neurology consultation to all hospital inpatient services. There is a new 2000 square foot Neurology Practice Center adjacent to the hospital. This center contains offices for our stroke team, EMG, Headache Unit, pediatric neurology, and adult epilepsy. It also houses our departmental non-invasive vascular laboratory.

Jacobi Medical Center (JMC) is a 550-bed municipal hospital. The Neurology Department maintains an active consultation service with EMG/NCS and neuromuscular disease consultations provided by Dr. Charles Gellido.

The Rose F. Kennedy Center for Research in Mental Retardation and Human Development is part of the College of Medicine and is physically connected to the JMC campus. The Kennedy Center houses most of Neurology’s basic science faculty with research labs focused on neuropeptides, neurophysiology, cognitive function, stem cell research, epilepsy, and developmental disorders.

Beth Israel Medical Center (BIMC) is the Manhattan campus affiliate of the Albert Einstein College of Medicine. Neurology residents may have pre-approved elective rotations at BIMC.

 

Directions for Applicants  

Applicants should submit a letter of intent along with their CV and 3 letters of recommendation, either by mail or e-mail, between January and May for the following year, to:

Steven Herskovitz M.D.
Department of Neurology/EMG Lab
Montefiore Medical Center
111 E. 210 Street
Bronx, N.Y. 10467
Tel: 718-920-4930
Fax: 718-231-3718
E-mail: sherskov@montefiore.org

 

Faculty Biosketches for Selected Faculty

Steven Herskovitz, M.D. is Professor of Clinical Neurology and Director of the EMG Lab / Neuromuscular division. He earned his medical degree from Cornell University Medical Center in 1980. He completed residencies in both Internal Medicine and Neurology, followed by a Fellowship in Electromyography/Neuromuscular Disorders, all at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine. He is a diplomate of the ABIM, ABPN, ABPN-Neuromuscular Medicine and ABEM. His clinical research interests include the peripheral neuropathies, entrapment neuropathies and peripheral neurotoxicology. He has published on various aspects of carpal tunnel syndrome including electrophysiologic diagnosis, treatment and autonomic features, clinical features of a variety of peripheral neuropathies, and the neurotoxicology of pharmaceutical and environmental/occupational agents.

Alfred J. Spiro M.D is Professor of Pediatric Neurology and has been the Director of the Muscular Dystrophy Association Muscle Disease Clinic for over thirty years. Individuals of all ages, from newborns to seniors, who are suspected of having a muscular or related problem or who have already been diagnosed with one of the many disorders covered by the MDA, can be seen in this Clinic for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up. Dr. Spiro has particular expertise in the evaluation of muscle disorders and muscle biopsies.

Herbert H. Schaumburg M.D. is Professor of Neurology and Pathology (Neuropathology) at AECOM. He stepped down as Chairman of Neurology in 2004, after serving for 20 years in that capacity. He pioneered work on the concept of the distal axonopathy, and has made innumerable important contributions in the fields of neuropathies and neurotoxicology, including the texts Disorders of Peripheral Nerve, and Experimental and Clinical Neurotoxicology. He is currently active in the laboratory where he is pursuing studies of the effects of toxins upon the nervous system. He is also conducting experiments designed to create an animal model of diabetic autonomic neuropathy. His practice is focused on the evaluation and treatment of persons who have experienced exposure to environmental/occupational chemical hazards and to neurotoxic pharmaceutical agents. 

Michael L. Swerdlow M.D. is Professor of Neurology and Director of the division of General Neurology. His training included a neuromuscular fellowship at the NIH. His practice and particular interest includes a large population of patients with myasthenia gravis as well as other neuromuscular disorders.

Joe Verghese M.D. is Professor of Neurology and Louis and Gertrude Feil Faculty Scholar in Neurology. He is also director of the Einstein Aging Study, a NIH funded longitudinal study. He did post-graduate training in both EMG/Neuromuscular and Aging/Dementia. His research interests include the effects of disease and aging on mobility and cognition in older adults. He has explored the relationship of age to the presentation of carpal tunnel syndrome and peripheral neuropathy.

Phyllis L. Bieri, M.D. is Assistant Professor of Neurology at Albert Einstein College of Medicine. She completed a neurology residency and a fellowship in EMG/Neuromuscular disease at AECOM as well as additional research in neurophysiology. She is a diplomate of the ABPN, ABPN-Neuromuscular Medicine and ABEM. Her areas of interest are the diagnosis and treatment of neuromuscular diseases, including diseases of nerve, muscle, neuromuscular junction and anterior horn cell.  She has published in electrophysiology of mouse models of hereditary neuropathy, immunologic aspects of Guillain-Barré syndrome and clinical issues related to carpal tunnel syndrome and neuropathy in the elderly.

Ann E. Hanley M.D. is Assistant Professor of Neurology at Albert Einstein College of Medicine.  She earned her medical degree from Chicago Medical School.  Her Neurology residency training and Fellowship in Neuromuscular Disease were completed at Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center.  She is a diplomate of the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, ABPN-Neuromuscular Medicine and ABEM.  Her areas of interest include motor neuron diseases. She participates in the supervision and training of EMG fellows.

Howard Geyer, M.D., Ph.D. is Assistant Professor of Neurology and division head of Movement Disorders at AECOM. He did an EMG/Neuromuscular fellowship at AECOM, followed by a Movement Disorders fellowship at Beth Israel Medical Center. His interests run the gamut of movement disorders, the use of chemodenervation (Botox), and the intersection of electrodiagnostic testing and movement disorders.

Mark J. Milstein M.D. is Assistant Professor of Neurology and director of the Neurology consult service at Montefiore, as well as Associate Program Director for the Neurology Residency Training Program. He is a graduate of AECOM and the EMG/ Neuromuscular fellowship. He is a diplomate of the ABPN, ABPN-Neuromuscular Medicine and ABEM. He participates in the supervision and training of EMG fellows.

Emma Laureta, M.D. is Assistant Professor of Neurology (Pediatric) at AECOM. She is a diplomate of the ABPN, and did a fellowship in clinical neurophysiology at AECOM. She participates in the supervision and training of EMG fellows at the MDA clinic.

Beth Stein M.D. is Assistant Professor of Neurology at AECOM. She is a diplomate of the ABPN and ABEM, and did a fellowship in clinical neurophysiology/neuromuscular disorders at the University of Pennsylvania. She is co-director of the MDA clinic. Her research interests include myotonic dystrophy and motor neuron disorders.

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